Keithley 6221 AC and DC Current Source

class pymeasure.instruments.keithley.Keithley6221(adapter, **kwargs)

Bases: pymeasure.instruments.instrument.Instrument, pymeasure.instruments.keithley.buffer.KeithleyBuffer

Represents the Keithely 6221 AC and DC current source and provides a high-level interface for interacting with the instrument.

keithley = Keithley6221("GPIB::1")
keithley.clear()

# Use the keithley as an AC source
keithley.waveform_function = "square"   # Set a square waveform
keithley.waveform_amplitude = 0.05      # Set the amplitude in Amps
keithley.waveform_offset = 0            # Set zero offset
keithley.source_compliance = 10         # Set compliance (limit) in V
keithley.waveform_dutycycle = 50        # Set duty cycle of wave in %
keithley.waveform_frequency = 347       # Set the frequency in Hz
keithley.waveform_ranging = "best"      # Set optimal output ranging
keithley.waveform_duration_cycles = 100 # Set duration of the waveform

# Link end of waveform to Service Request status bit
keithley.operation_event_enabled = 128  # OSB listens to end of wave
keithley.srq_event_enabled = 128        # SRQ listens to OSB

keithley.waveform_arm()                 # Arm (load) the waveform

keithley.waveform_start()               # Start the waveform

keithley.adapter.wait_for_srq()         # Wait for the pulse to finish

keithley.waveform_abort()               # Disarm (unload) the waveform

keithley.shutdown()                     # Disables output
beep(frequency, duration)

Sounds a system beep.

Parameters:
  • frequency – A frequency in Hz between 65 Hz and 2 MHz
  • duration – A time in seconds between 0 and 7.9 seconds
buffer_data

Returns a numpy array of values from the buffer.

buffer_points

An integer property that controls the number of buffer points. This does not represent actual points in the buffer, but the configuration value instead.

check_errors()

Logs any system errors reported by the instrument.

config_buffer(points=64, delay=0)

Configures the measurement buffer for a number of points, to be taken with a specified delay.

Parameters:
  • points – The number of points in the buffer.
  • delay – The delay time in seconds.
define_arbitary_waveform(datapoints, location=1)

Define the data points for the arbitrary waveform and copy the defined waveform into the given storage location.

Parameters:
  • datapoints – a list (or numpy array) of the data points; all values have to be between -1 and 1; 100 points maximum.
  • location – integer storage location to store the waveform in. Value must be in range 1 to 4.
disable_buffer()

Disables the connection between measurements and the buffer, but does not abort the measurement process.

disable_output_trigger()

Disables the output trigger for the Trigger layer

disable_source()

Disables the source of current or voltage depending on the configuration of the instrument.

display_enabled

A boolean property that controls whether or not the display of the sourcemeter is enabled. Valid values are True and False.

enable_source()

Enables the source of current or voltage depending on the configuration of the instrument.

error

Returns a tuple of an error code and message from a single error.

id

Requests and returns the identification of the instrument.

is_buffer_full()

Returns True if the buffer is full of measurements.

measurement_event_enabled

An integer value that controls which measurement events are registered in the Measurement Summary Bit (MSB) status bit. Refer to the Model 6220/6221 Reference Manual for more information about programming the status bits.

measurement_events

An integer value that reads which measurement events have been registered in the Measurement event registers. Refer to the Model 6220/6221 Reference Manual for more information about programming the status bits. Reading this value clears the register.

operation_event_enabled

An integer value that controls which operation events are registered in the Operation Summary Bit (OSB) status bit. Refer to the Model 6220/6221 Reference Manual for more information about programming the status bits.

operation_events

An integer value that reads which operation events have been registered in the Operation event registers. Refer to the Model 6220/6221 Reference Manual for more information about programming the status bits. Reading this value clears the register.

output_trigger_on_external(line=1, after='DEL')

Configures the output trigger on the specified trigger link line number, with the option of supplying the part of the measurement after which the trigger should be generated (default to delay, which is right before the measurement)

Parameters:
  • line – A trigger line from 1 to 4
  • after – An event string that determines when to trigger
questionable_event_enabled

An integer value that controls which questionable events are registered in the Questionable Summary Bit (QSB) status bit. Refer to the Model 6220/6221 Reference Manual for more information about programming the status bits.

questionable_events

An integer value that reads which questionable events have been registered in the Questionable event registers. Refer to the Model 6220/6221 Reference Manual for more information about programming the status bits. Reading this value clears the register.

reset()

Resets the instrument and clears the queue.

reset_buffer()

Resets the buffer.

set_timed_arm(interval)

Sets up the measurement to be taken with the internal trigger at a variable sampling rate defined by the interval in seconds between sampling points

shutdown()

Disables the output.

source_auto_range

A boolean property that controls the auto range of the current source. Valid values are True or False.

source_compliance

A floating point property that controls the compliance of the current source in Volts. valid values are in range 0.1 [V] to 105 [V].

source_current

A floating point property that controls the source current in Amps.

source_delay

A floating point property that sets a manual delay for the source after the output is turned on before a measurement is taken. When this property is set, the auto delay is turned off. Valid values are between 1e-3 [seconds] and 999999.999 [seconds].

source_enabled

A boolean property that controls whether the source is enabled, takes values True or False. The convenience methods enable_source() and disable_source() can also be used.

source_range

A floating point property that controls the source current range in Amps, which can take values between -0.105 A and +0.105 A. Auto-range is disabled when this property is set.

srq_event_enabled

An integer value that controls which event registers trigger the Service Request (SRQ) status bit. Refer to the Model 6220/6221 Reference Manual for more information about programming the status bits.

standard_event_enabled

An integer value that controls which standard events are registered in the Event Summary Bit (ESB) status bit. Refer to the Model 6220/6221 Reference Manual for more information about programming the status bits.

standard_events

An integer value that reads which standard events have been registered in the Standard event registers. Refer to the Model 6220/6221 Reference Manual for more information about programming the status bits. Reading this value clears the register.

start_buffer()

Starts the buffer.

stop_buffer()

Aborts the buffering measurement, by stopping the measurement arming and triggering sequence. If possible, a Selected Device Clear (SDC) is used.

triad(base_frequency, duration)

Sounds a musical triad using the system beep.

Parameters:
  • base_frequency – A frequency in Hz between 65 Hz and 1.3 MHz
  • duration – A time in seconds between 0 and 7.9 seconds
trigger()

Executes a bus trigger, which can be used when trigger_on_bus() is configured.

trigger_immediately()

Configures measurements to be taken with the internal trigger at the maximum sampling rate.

trigger_on_bus()

Configures the trigger to detect events based on the bus trigger, which can be activated by GET or *TRG.

trigger_on_external(line=1)

Configures the measurement trigger to be taken from a specific line of an external trigger

Parameters:line – A trigger line from 1 to 4
wait_for_buffer(should_stop=<function KeithleyBuffer.<lambda>>, timeout=60, interval=0.1)

Blocks the program, waiting for a full buffer. This function returns early if the should_stop function returns True or the timeout is reached before the buffer is full.

Parameters:
  • should_stop – A function that returns True when this function should return early
  • timeout – A time in seconds after which this function should return early
  • interval – A time in seconds for how often to check if the buffer is full
waveform_abort()

Abort the waveform output and disarm the waveform function.

waveform_amplitude

A floating point property that controls the (peak) amplitude of the waveform in Amps. Valid values are in range 2e-12 to 0.105.

waveform_arm()

Arm the current waveform function.

waveform_duration_cycles

A floating point property that controls the duration of the waveform in cycles. Valid values are in range 1e-3 to 99999999900.

waveform_duration_set_infinity()

Set the waveform duration to infinity.

waveform_duration_time

A floating point property that controls the duration of the waveform in seconds. Valid values are in range 100e-9 to 999999.999.

waveform_dutycycle

A floating point property that controls the duty-cycle of the waveform in percent for the square and ramp waves. Valid values are in range 0 to 100.

waveform_frequency

A floating point property that controls the frequency of the waveform in Hertz. Valid values are in range 1e-3 to 1e5.

waveform_function

A string property that controls the selected wave function. Valid values are “sine”, “ramp”, “square”, “arbitrary1”, “arbitrary2”, “arbitrary3” and “arbitrary4”.

waveform_offset

A floating point property that controls the offset of the waveform in Amps. Valid values are in range -0.105 to 0.105.

waveform_ranging

A string property that controls the source ranging of the waveform. Valid values are “best” and “fixed”.

waveform_start()

Start the waveform output. Must already be armed

waveform_use_phasemarker

A boolean property that controls whether the phase marker option is turned on or of. Valid values True (on) or False (off). Other settings for the phase marker have not yet been implemented.